English Test Helper

1. Заполните пропуски в предложениях глаголами to be, to have, оборотом there + to be, употребляя соответствующую форму в Present Indefinite Tense. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1) I __ a new modern computer.
2) This man __ a very good memory, he can remember everything very well.
3) There __ a lot of classrooms in this Institute.
4) Mr. Black __ an engineer, his brother __ a mechanic.

2. Заполните пропуски нужными предлогами в скобках. Переведите предложение на русский язык.

1) The plane arrives in London __ 8.30 a.m. (from, at, with).
2) He prefers traveling __ plane. (by, for, on).
3) My sister plans to take a trip __ car. (by, for, on).
4) She enjoys riding __ a car (by, in, for).

3. Соотнести видовременную форму глагола с переводом на русский язык:

They spent         - Они тратили (весь день)
They had spent         - Они потратили (вчера к 3 часам)
They were spending         - Они потратили (в прошлом)

4. Определите, какими частями речи являются слова, образованные с помощью суффиксов и переведите их на русский язык:

instructions, failure, receiver, additional.

5. Подчеркните причастие I или II в следующих предложениях. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1) The holiday called Thanksgiving Day is celebrated on the fourth Thursday of November.
2) Having lost all his fortune he lived on the generosity of other people.
3) Lost time is never found again.
4) Entering into the burning house the fireman saw an old woman

6. Определите форму и функцию инфинитива в данных предложениях. Подчеркните инфинитив. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1) Linda seems to have lost a lot of weight.
2) What is better – to give or to be given presents?
3) They are glad to have done the work in time.
4) It was wise of him to discuss the matter in a very detail.

7. Перепишите текст №1 и переведите его письменно на русский язык. Ответьте на вопросы после текста.

Текст №1
Possible Human Life Expectancy

The biologists have arrived at the conclusion that maximum human life expectancy constitutes 170-200 years, provided a person doesn't die of illness. Men and women have equal chances.
To determine a person's possible life-span it is necessary to possess practical data on their life history in the period between two and 30 years of age. The more comprehensive the data are, the more accurately a computer will estimate the possible life-span.
The hypothesis is based on that when a person ages, the water content in cells, the kidneys' filtrating ability and the vital capacity of the lungs - all become reduced. And on the whole the weight of both men and women reduces. It has been proved that in the process of development, growth and ageing of everything living, the change in the mass serves, as it were, the sum total of all the changes.
The gerontologists are unanimous that a person very rarely dies due to the total loss of life force. Usually death results from the increase in pathological changes due to different diseases. Taking this into account, the doctors will be able to determine more accurately the methods of treating their patients, and prescribe medicines which would be most effective for the given person.

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